US military badge hallmarks.
A photo essay of original markings.
AMCRAFT ATTLEBORO MASS.
AMERICAN EMBLEM COMPANY, UTICA, NY
STERLING A.E. CO. UTICA, NY
There is a variation with AE CO above the inverted triangle as well.
Watch for fakes with a rough finish to the reverse.
Noted military goods maker from the Civil War on
AMICO (American Insignia Company)
Above: an early AMICO hallmark on an AAF pilot wing.
Below: more often encountered AMICO hallmarks.
ANGUS & COOTE Australian made.
Early pattern mark
On jump wings, Air Gunner and Pilot.
* For a Commonwealth wing to be sterling it would be special ordered or post war as in the Commonwealth nations sterling was not used wartime for insignia so be wary of sterling on a UK made badge.
A noted WWII German insignia maker that continued to produce for the Occupation Army after WWII.
L.G. Balfour Company, LGB, Balfour. Highly faked.
This hallmark is attributed to
BELL TRADING POST aka GENERAL INSIGNIA COMPANY.
Here is a later hallmark, 1950's.
Early Bell marking.
BB&B (BAILEY, BANKS, & BIDDLE)
1920's-30's wing marking.
The first paratrooper badge.
Hallmark is much crisper than the image would suggest.
Note, nice & crisp, not like on the current crop of fakes.
This is on a 1930's medal.
JEANNOT BEAUNNE (WWII)
A unique hallmark featuring a small palm tree
next to sterling. All incised, WWII only.
From a WWII Capt. bar
CAPPURRO SAN ANTONIO
from WWI insignia
WWII & prewar maker of a lot of the Civilian pilot & instructor material.
Scarce WWII maker. I don't know if they made other wings or badges.
DIEGES & CLUST
1920's to WWII
DODGE INC. CHICAGO.
DUROCHARM STERLING paratrooper wings.
Their incised hallmark appears more 'crisp' in real life than in this scan and runs from 12 o'clock to 6.
Their raised hallmark is noticeably larger than most markings.
The last variations I know of on the Durocharm wings are this attractive incised markings.
I do not know why this company that specialized in sweetheart pieces and costume jewelry changed their hallmark so often.
Here it is on a crest.
S.E. EBY, PHILA.
Below, It should NOT look like this...
those applied designs are bogus.
J.R. GAUNT LONDON
From a paratrooper badge.
From an officer's cap eagle.
From a major's leaf
From a wing.
A post WWII hallmark.
Early GEMSCO hallmarks on paratrooper badges.
Raised, runs from 6 o'clock to 12.
This one runs across the base of the wing.
On an AAF wing
STERLING GEMSCO raised from inset cartouche on para-glider
Early GEMSCO advertising
JACK HELLER attributed WWII hallmark.
H&H HILBORN & HAMBURG
Sterling as found on the Marine issued Army pattern para badges.
H-H bought Imperial in 1942, and used both hallmarks until 1943. After 1943 the name "Imperial", H-H also had the "Viking" line as well.
Below is the most commonly seen H&H hallmark.
KINNEY & COMPANY
Kinney & Company, K. Co. Jewelers.
LEVELLE & COMPANY
Definite wartime, I've never encountered fakes or postwar LeVelle hallmarks. Common on crests, somewhat on AAF Aircrew, tough on other pieces.
WWII German occupation, mostly crests.
K.G. LUKE MELB.
From an AAF officer's collar device
From a USMC officer's collar EGA
(First from AAF aviation badges)
First pattern, raised...
Second pattern, incised...
Then from rank badges
MEDALLIC ART CO.
This hallmark for MACO. ROCH. N.Y.
is found on a caterpillar club pin.
Many variations in it's long history with badges produced from WWI through the post WWII years. Add to that the reproductions and much confusion has arisen.
MINERO - NEWCOME & CO. INC.
H.R. NEWCOME & CO.
N.I.B. CO JAPAN
Japanese Occupation late 1940's through the Korean War.
NORSID CO. NY
A rather plain impressed WWII hallmark that is scarce.
Found on a wing...
Found on a screwback crest...
J. O'BRIEN & COMPANY
Hallmark known to exist on AAF Pilot wings; not sure about other material.
STERLING BY ORBER
A distinctive raised disc hallmark. Orber wings are often encountered with the trademark name obliterated and only the word STERLING legible.
Rare full Orber hallmark
POELLATH (Occupied German WWII)
J.O. POLLACK, CHICAGO
Found on a late to post-WWII AAF pattern Flight Engineer wing.
ROBBINS Company Attleboro, Mass
Robbins has been in existence many years and the hallmark has gone through many changes.
WWI Robbins hallmarks.
1930's - WWII
Robbins used a very distinctive winged R hallmark that was raised but set within and inset cartouche or box. Also found on aviation wings. Believed to be immediate post WWII through the 50's.
Found on paratrooper, glider, and CIB's. ALWAYS an open loop catch.
SILVERMAN BROTHER (post WWII)
STERLING EXCEPT FITTINGS
The trademark of Daniel Smilo & Sons
On a WWI wing
On a rank badge
WALLACE BISHOP BRISBANE Australia
WHITEHEAD & HOAG
Regarding post WWII Office of Heraldry letter / number code hallmarks
Single Letter / Single Number codes such as 9M (Meyer) were used between 1960-1965 (albeit some companies were slow). Single Letter / Double Digit Number codes such as V-21 (Vanguard) were made after 1965 until about 1978. Single Letter / Double Digit Number / Single Letter codes such as V-21-N (Vanguard) is current production.
Now here is the twist, the I.O.H wasn't consistent on this number hand out. So some current companies just use a single letter single digit number configuration. The are G-23 (Ira Green), and Denmark (D-22). The never bothered to update. But they still MFG insignia, but the are not Government Contractors anymore. Only one company remains as a GC MFGer, and that is VANGUARD, that's all you see in the Pox's, and BX's anymore.
A common later hallmark is KREW G.I.; Krew Govern. Issue. Attleboro, MA K21. A post 1965 hallmark.
Here is how the IOH system worked(s).
Single Letter, Single Digit...1960-1965
Single Letter, Double Digit, and Sterling: Used from 1965 to 1967.
Single Letter, Double Digit, and 1/20th S.F. for Silver Filled. Used from 1967 to 1974.
Single Letter, Double Digit Non-Precious Base Metal 1974 to Present.
L-21 for Lordship Industries
D-22 for Denmark's Military Equipment Company
Single Letter, Double Digit, Single Letter of "N" used by IOH for items approved for NAVY used as well. Used from 1974 to present.
V-21-N Post 1974 Vanguard, Navy Approved
G-23-N Post 1974 Ira Greene, Navy Approved
K-21-N Post 1974 Krew International, Navy Approved
G-22-N Post 1974 GEMSCO, Navy Approved
D-22-N Post 1974 Denmark's Military Equipment Company, Navy Approved